Features of structure and use include gas metals in power devices

V. V. Trofymenko, A. V. Trofymenko


Problem statement. The problem transformation of radiant energy (for example, solar) in the electric or thermal is connected, first of all, with necessity  application of new materials with high heat conductivity and efficiency of absorption light beams. The absorption  ability of traditional materials can be raised only special a black paint covering. However the black paint considerably reduces heat conductivity and does not give stable characteristics because change a color covering or its destruction. Application of metals and the alloys having cellular structure, allows to increase sharply the specific area of a surface a design and deeper penetration of beams into material volume. The work purpose: finding-out of features absorption and emission of radiant energy include gas metal with cellular structure at orientation a time perpendicularly surface of the sample. Results. It is established that the material with axial-cylindrical porosity intensifies radiation absorption, coming nearer on character process of absorption to absolutely black body. With cancellation of light radiation the porous sample is cooled in 2…3 times faster monolithic since the cellular structure has the big area of the free surface, capable to radiate the energy absorbed earlier. It is shown that environment (the vacuum, hydrogen) make essential impact on absorption ability of anisotropic-porous metals and alloys. Scientific novelty. Are found out abnormal the heat physical properties of include gas materials with cellular structure on samples of structurally-anisotropic porous metals and alloys. Practical importance. The cellular structure and high heat conductivity in a direction orientation of a time can make a gazars competitive at manufacturing absorbers of solar energy both on the Earth, and in space. Possessing the developed surface, gazars very quickly give and accept heat at contact to liquids and gases. Therefore their use in heat exchangers will sharply reduce metal consumption and will raise thermal efficiency of power devices.


hydrogen; include gas alloy; cellular structure; absorption; radiation, radiant energy


Белов С. В. Пористые металлы в машиностроении : монография / С. В. Белов. − Москва : Машиностроение, 1981. − 247 с.

Карнаухов А. П. Структурные модели пористых металлов / А. П. Карнаухов // Моделирование пористых материалов. − Новосибирск : СО АН СССР. Ин-т катализа, 1976. − С. 42−59.

Пористые проницаемые материалы : справочник // [С. В. Белов, П. А. Витязь, В. К. Шелег, В. М. Капцевич и др.]. − Москва : Металлургия, 1987. − 335 с.

Шаповалов В. И. Легирование водородом : монография // В. И. Шаповалов. − Днепропетровск : Журфонд, 2013. − 385 с.

Бунин К. П. О диаграмме железо − водород / К. П. Бунин, В. И. Шаповалов, В. В. Трофименко // ДАН УССР. – 1976. − № 3. − С. 267−269.

Bunin K. P. Investigation of the Fe − H system at high temperatures fnd pressures / K. P. Bunin, V. I. Shapovalov, V. V.Trofimenko // High temperatures − high pressures. − 1977. − № 6. − Pр. 639−640.

Трофименко В. В. Особенности свойств и перспективы использования пористых литых материалов / В. В. Трофименко, А. Л. Чуприна // Строительство, материаловедение, машиностроение. − 2006. − Вып. 36. − С. 95−101.

Трофименко А. В. Компактные аккумуляторы водорода для топливных элементов энергетических установок / А. В. Трофименко, В. В. Трофименко, В. П. Гумницкий // Космическая техника. − КБ "Южное", 2001. − Вып. 1. − С. 37−42.

Трофименко В. В. Перспективы применения газоармированных металлов в энергетических устройствах / В. В. Трофименко, А. В. Трофименко // Теплотехника, энергетика и экология в металлургии : коллект. монография в 2 книгах. − Кн. 1. – Днепр : Нова ідеологія, 2017. – С. 77−80.

Morozov Yu. D. Solar dynamic Renkine space power plant using vapour-liquid metalic techniques / Yu. D. Morozov, V. F. Prisnyakov, A. N. Privalov, A. V. Trofymenko // Space Technology. − Vol. 16. − № 4. − 1996. − Рp. 169−176.

Morozov Yu. D. Analysis of solar and nuclear power systems for space stations / Yu. D. Morozov, V. F. Prysniakov, A. V. Trofymenko // Paper IAF-94-R.1-367.


Belov S.V. Poristyie metallyi v mashinostroenii [Porous metals in mechanical engineering]. Moscow : Mashinostroyenie Publ, 1981, 247 p. (in Russian).

Karnauhov A.P. Strukturnyie modeli poristyih metallov [Structural models of porous metals]. Modelirovanie poristyih materialov [Modeling of porous materials]. Novosibirsk : UO AS USSR. Institut of Catalysis, 1976, pp. 42−59. (in Russian).

Belov S.V., Vityaz P.A., Sheleg V.K., Kaptsevich V.M. and oth. Poristye pronitsaemye materialy [Porous permeable materials]. Moscow : Metallurgiya Publ., 1987, 335 p. (in Russian).

Shapovalov V.I. Legirovanie vodorodom [Doping with hydrogen]. Dnipropetrovsk : Zhurfond Publ., 2013, 385 p. (in Russian).

Bunin K.P., Shapovalov V.I. and Trofimenko V.V. O diagramme zhelezo - vodorod [About the iron − hydrogen diagram]. SAS USSR, 1976, no. 3, pp. 267−269. (in Russian).

Bunin K.P., Shapovalov V.I. and Trofimenko V.V. Investigation of the Fe − H system at high temperatures fnd pressures. High temperatures − high pressures, 1977, no. 6, pp. 639−640.

Trofimenko V.V. and Chuprina A.L. Osobennosti svoystv i perspektivyi ispolzovaniya poristyih lityih materialov [Features of the properties and prospects for the use of porous cast materials]. Stroitelstvo, materialovedenie, mashinostroenie [Construction, Material Science, Mechanical Engineering]. 2006, iss. 36, pp. 95−101. (in Russian).

Trofimenko A.V., Trofimenko V.V. and Gumnitskiy V.P. Kompaktnyie akkumulyatoryi vodoroda dlya toplivnyih elementov energeticheskih ustanovok [Compact hydrogen accumulators for fuel cells of power plants]. Kosmicheskaya tehnika [Space Technology]. CB «Yuzhnoe», 2001, iss. 1, pp. 37−42. (in Russian).

Trofimenko V.V. and Trofimenko A.V. Perspektivyi primeneniya gazoarmirovannyih metallov v energeticheskih ustroystvah [Prospects for the use of gas-reinforced metals in power devices]. Teplotehnika, energetika i ekologiya v metallurgii [Heat engineering, power engineering and ecology in metallurgy]. Book 1, Dnipro : Nova IdeologIya Publ., 2017, pp. 77−80. (in Russian).

Morozov Yu.D., Prisniakov V.F., Privalov A.N. and Trofymenko A.V. Solar dynamic Renkine space power plant using vapour-liquid metalic techniques. Space Technology, 1996, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 169−176.

Morozov Yu.D., Prisniakov V.F. and Trofymenko A.V. Analysis of solar and nuclear power systems for space stations. Paper IAF-94-R.1.-367.

GOST Style Citations