About structure-forming role of composite nanomaterials



composite materials, carbon nanostructures, nanomaterials, structure, properties, metal


Raising of problem. The development of modern science and technology places high demands on the materials of the structural and functional applications. Significant progress in this area has been achieved with the development of composite materials (CM) on the basis of metals, polymers construction of cement and gypsum binders. The most widely used metal-KM-reinforced high-modulus reinforcing particles, fibers, whiskers. Compared with conventional alloys KM based on them have higher values of specific strength and stiffness, while maintaining or slightly reducing electrical and thermal conductivity, which gives them a competitive advantage in a number of fields of science and technology. Despite the growing interest in the nanocomposites based on various reinforced carbon nanostructures (СNS), systematic research and subsequent technological solutions in this area is not enough. This is due to the novelty of the problem, namely the fact that the methods of treatment of nanomaterials - control the size, structure, phase composition, surface condition, etc. They are in the process of accumulation of basic knowledge. Thus, the development of methods for obtaining the CM, СNS strengthened, and the study of their structure and properties is an important task, representing the scientific and practical interest. Purpose - obtaining carbon nanomaterials predetermined morphology and structure for their preparation for the subsequent application in composite materials. Conclusion. Within the framework of a single material, methodological and instrument base, the processes of structure formation of the Cabinet, held comprehensive comparative study of the structure and mechanical properties of the CM.

Author Biography

V. Ye. Vaganov, VPO "Vladimir State University named after A. G. and N. G. Stoletovs"

Department of foundry and construction materials, Ass. of Professor


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